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**1) COUNTING SHEEP:** Wales is famous for its sheep, but **are there more sheep or more people in Wales?** Have a guess, answer later on!

**2)**** VI****SIT THE STEEP****EST STREET IN THE WORLD!! **with a calf-busting gradient of 37.45% the steepest street in the world is **Ffordd Pen Llech in Harlech, North Wales**, toppling Baldwin Street, New Zealand from the number 1 spot on July 16^{th} 2019. It’s one-way: you can drive down it (in theory at least) but not up it. It’s possible to cycle from bottom to top in just under a minute if you have legs of steel and a very low gear!

The 37.45% is the “vertical rise as a percentage of the horizontal going”. In plain English: **for every 100m across (horizontal), you go up 37.45m**. Equivalently, it has a gradient of 0.3745 (“across one, up 0.3745”), an arctan ratio of 1:2.67 (“across 2.67, up 1”) or the road makes, on average, **an average angle of 20.53° with the horizontal**.

**A gradient of 100% would not mean the road was vertical**: it would mean the road is at of 45° to the horizontal (see picture).

**3) VISIT Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch** (Anglesey, North Wales). At **58 characters long** this is the second longest place name in the world. Please note the eleven l’s, including a quadruple “l” from characters 38-41. Only in Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu (New Zealand – 85 characters) can you find a longer place name!

**4) VISIT CAERNARFON CASTLE:** in Gywnedd, North Wales. Edward I (“Longshanks”) built many Welsh Fortresses during his reign between 1272-1307; Caernarfon is the one with the iconic **octagonal** **towers**. Unfortunately there is no discount off the admission price for wearing an “oct” themed T-shirt.

Well done if you guessed there are more sheep than people in Wales: **9.8 million sheep** compared to 3.0 million people (figures correct 2016).

Thanks for reading and til next time: **HAPPY HOLIDAYS IN WALES!**

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